Charcoal production and research activities within the Special Energy Programme Kenya.

Cover of: Charcoal production and research activities within the Special Energy Programme Kenya. |

Published by The Programme in Nairobi, Kenya .

Written in English

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Places:

  • Kenya.

Subjects:

  • Charcoal -- Kenya.

Edition Notes

Book details

ContributionsSpecial Energy Programme Kenya.
Classifications
LC ClassificationsTP331 .C49 1984
The Physical Object
Paginationiv, 59 p. :
Number of Pages59
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL1847649M
LC Control Number89980304

Download Charcoal production and research activities within the Special Energy Programme Kenya.

Several countries, including Kenya, have tried to ban charcoal production in order to protect forests, but given that charcoal production and sales occur mostly in the informal sector, those efforts have failed.

SinceKenya has been trying a differ-ent approach, adopting policies and regulatory frameworks to formalize the charcoal Size: 3MB. only source of energy for millions of people in the sub-Saharan Africa for a long time (Mugo et al.

However, charcoal has been kept out of the formal economies of many countries, partly due to lack of supportive data and information. Charcoal production is a big threat to biodiversity. GERMAN TECHNICAL COOPERATION.

Charcoal production and research activities within the special energy programme. Nairobi, Min. Energy. GITHINJI, P.M. Kenya's energy needs, possible supplies and impact on environment. Nairobi. (Unpublished MS) GOVERNMENT OF KENYA. Kenya statistical abstract, Govt.

Printer. economy in Kenya. This study identified the target tree species that are a source of charcoal co nsumed in Nairobi. city, deter mined q uantity of charcoal consumed in the city of Nairobi and esti.

Overcoming barriers to sustainable charcoal in Kenya Charcoal meets the cooking energy needs of over 80% of Kenya’s urban population. And the growing gap between supply and demand of the commodity will only expand unless action is by: 1. The charcoal production value chain involves producers, transporters and charcoal vendors, who operate under a streamlined legal framework that seeks to mitigate degradation of the environment through sustainable charcoal production.

UNDP in partnership with the Kenya Forest Service (KFS) and Kenya Forestry Research Institute (KEFRI) has been training charcoal producers in charcoal producing.

Towards sustainable production and use of charcoal in Kenya: Exploring the potential in life cycle management approach Article in Journal of Cleaner Production 12(s 8–10)– October. In Kenya its estimated that about 90% of rural households use fuel wood biomass, either as fuel wood or charcoal (Ministry of Energy, ), with the former (fuel wood) meeting the energy needs of over 93% of rural households, and the latter being the dominant fuel in urban households (Theuri, ).

The Kenya Charcoal Policy Handbook Current Regulations for a Sustainable Charcoal Sector 7 2. Importance of the Charcoal Sector in Kenya Source of energy Charcoal has been a source of energy, especially for urban households, for a long time.

A study by MoE in (Republic of Kenya, ) found that charcoal provides. Commercial Charcoal Production and Sustainable Community Development of the Upper West Region, Ghana meet the energy needs of the growing number of consumers. These discussions are fuelled by the effects of the charcoal production is a major source of livelihood.

While charcoal producers earned monthly incomes of about. • The whole idea of sustainable charcoal production and marketing on public and village lands in Handeni District is financially not feasible and economically not viable at this point in time.

• The public sector does not have the political will to change the current system. Although charcoal production accounts for only about a tenth1 of primary energy use in charcoal intensive African countries, the impact of charcoal on forests is large for two reasons.

First, the woodfuel equivalent is times larger, due to the inefficiency of the production process. charcoal does indeed hold more energy by volume, this is not the case by weight. Where the use of alternative species for charcoal making is promoted, it is neces-sary to re-evaluate the processes involved in the charcoal production and utilization chain.

One necessary Charcoal production and research activities within the Special Energy Programme Kenya. book is the design of energy-efficient charcoal stoves.

Charcoal production in Gushegu District, Northern Region, Ghana: The district is located in the Guinea Savannah zone within latitude 10 degrees to 15 degrees North and longitude 0 degrees to 45 degrees West.

neighborhoods of Accra use charcoal and/or wood as their primary source of energy. In Kenya, 90% of rural household energy is from.

Sustainable charcoal production technologies Introduction Charcoal has been utilized in Kenya for many years. However, the industry has faced up and downs with a ban to production and restrictions in use.

The legislative and business environment has been. that “the conversion of wood into charcoal is probably the step in the charcoal value chain with the highest potential for reducing GHG emissions.” The identified ancillary benefits from more efficient charcoal production and reduced deforestation are huge and well understood.

Main sources of emissions for the production of charcoal. Banning the production and/or marketing of charcoal, as has sometimes been done (for example in Mauritania and Kenya), has proved counterproductive: bans do not in fact reduce production, but simply drive producers underground, thereby precluding proper control of production procedures.

The growing demand for charcoal in Africa driven by high population and urbanization growth rates makes charcoal the major primary source of energy for most urban dwellers for at least another generation, yet it is paradoxical that charcoal has been relatively neglected within, and disjointed across, energy, forestry, and poverty reduction policies since the so called “woodfuel crisis.

Figure 2: Total energy production, (ktoe) Figure 3: Total energy consumption, (ktoe) Table 1: Kenya’s key indicators Source: (World Bank, ) Source: (AFREC, ) Source: (AFREC, ) Energy Consumption and Production InKenya had a population of million (Table 1).

Electricity production in was ktoe with per cent. Charcoal production in kenya dates back to colonial period, around (Chlala, ). Charcoal, wood-fuel and agricultural wastes provides for more than 90% of rural househould energy requirements and contributes to about 70% of Kenya‟s final energy demand (RoK.

The National Charcoal Strategy (NCS) presents a multi-sectoral framework and approach, focused on pillars that define opportunities to incrementally address problems of charcoal production and demand in the near, medium and long term.

It aligns with Malawi’s Visionthe. It is estimated that in Kenya, 82 per cent of urban households and 34 per cent in rural areas rely on charcoal for their energy needs.

While the government has policies that promote sustainable charcoal production and use, there are no incentives for farmers to engage in sustainable charcoal production.

Charcoal is one of the most commercialized resources in sub-Saharan Africa. FAO (FAOSTAT, ) estimates official charcoal production for Africa to be million tons inworth between US$ billion and US$ billion annually (UNEP ).

Activities within National Jurisdictions 18 Activities in Areas Beyond National Jurisdiction 20 Desalination (freshwater generation) 20 Renewable Marine (off-shore) Energy 21 Maritime Transport, Ports and Related Services, Shipping, and Shipbuilding 21 Waste Disposal Management 22 Supporting Activities 23 Ocean Monitoring and Surveillance However, research shows that trees can be harvested as early as three years after planting for charcoal production.

With proper planning and rotation, even longer durations can be accommodated. Social and Environmental Implications of Charcoal Production in Liberia 1.

Introduction Large-scale charcoal production, primarily in sub Saharan Africa, has been a growing concern due to its threat of deforestation, land degradation and climate change impacts. It is cited as the most environmentally devastating phase of this traditional. With Ksh 5, I started the business.

I bought the first 10 sacks and within one week I had completed the stock. The first stock motivated me to buy another I managed to buy up to 50 sacks per month. Today, though not learned I own a personal car, two pick-ups that supplies charcoal within Nairobi and my account has over Ksh 15 million.

process. To ensure continuous supply of information for decision making, a biomass energy research centre/programme should be established within the Kenya Forestry Research Institute and funded sufficiently to deliver. In addition, each County should be supported to develop a biomass energy information and planning office to regularly generate.

Highlights The contribution of charcoal to deforestation in the tropics is less than 7%. Charcoal production most frequently results in forest degradation. Most charcoal areas have the potential for rapid forest recovery. Enhancing charcoal policies' legitimacy and effective implementation is needed.

Charcoal can contribute to poverty reduction and environmental sustainability. viii Analysis of the Charcoal Value Chain in Kenya List of Acronyms BTG Biomass Technology Group CVC Charcoal Value Chain CHAPOSA Charcoal Potential in Southern Africa.

Charcoal in Africa - Importance, Problems and Possible Solution Strategies 4 produced and marketed in an industrial-like manner a number of projects and studies have focussed on it.

In the following four countries in Eastern and Southern Africa have been selected to demonstrate the economic importance of charcoal. In three countries of Southern. Environmental Burden of Charcoal Production and Use in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania nes of CO2 per year [2].

Dar es Salaam alone use about 70% of the charcoal produced in the country. The Pugu and Kazimzumbwi forest Reserves within the coastal forests are receiving the brunt of the city’s charcoal in.

The area of forest degradation associated to charcoal production was larger than the area of deforestation and over larger geographical areas it was as high as 50% of the deforested area. Our study underlines the relevance of charcoal production to estimate total emissions from forest cover change in the African context.

Charcoal production in Kenya is being blamed for fuelling the death of its forests. Earlier this year, the government banned unlicensed logging and charcoal production, leaving millions of people without an important source of energy. Jalmonique Ogalo, a resident of Nairobi, now uses kerosene to cook because she says it is cheaper.

environment. Specifically, the study evaluated the charcoal production techniques in Kenya, identified the different types of cooking stoves used and cooking environments adopted by charcoal users as well as investigated the level of awareness of the population of Nairobi on the effects of charcoal production and use on environmental degradation.

The evolution in the clean energy space has seen a rapid uptake of various solutions that have been deployed to provide lighting and clean cooking. firewood and charcoal production are. Charcoal is a key bioenergy resource and source of energy in Kenya.

It forms a major source of household energy that is cheap and affordable both to urban and rural people, providing 82% and 34% of household energy respectively (SEI-UNDP, ). Charcoal consumption and trade has a significant contribution to the national energy supply and economic development.

To achieve sustainable use, the unutilised government land should be leased to investors to plant tree deliberately for charcoal production. International Journal of Renewable Energy Development 2 (1) Charcoal Production and Strategies to Enhance its Sustainability in Kenya.

By Mary Njenga, Nancy Karanja, Cristel Munster, Miyuki Iiyama, Henry Neufeldt, Jacob Kithinji and Ramni Jamnadass (). Development in Practice, 23 (3). A large share of the biomass used is in the form of charcoal, which provides 82% of household energy in urban areas, and 34% in rural areas, according to the Kenya Forest Service (KFS).

The charcoal sector employs nearlypeople in production and trade, and has been estimated to contribute billion USD per year to Kenya’s economy. Jamaica - Charcoal production project (English) Abstract. The main objectives of this study were to assess the measures required to create a sustainable system of charcoal production in Jamaica, especially the wide scale introduction of improved production techniques.Policy Note “Sustainable Charcoal in Tanzania” v Executive Summary Woodfuels (fuelwood and charcoal) are the most important energy source in Tanzania.

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